So I went back and read “Machiavelli Was Right” by Michael Ignatieff, and I found something interesting. There’s a contrast between pure and tainted. When does pure become tainted and what is the criteria? Ignatieff highlights two points that I would like to analyze: “Evil deeds cease to be evil if urgent public interest makes […]

Earlier in my posts, I had commented on “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by Martin Luther King Jr., so I thought I should explore the cause to writing that letter, The Alabama Clergymen’s Letter to MLK. Yes, the famous “unwise and untimely” letter. Throughout the letter, I noticed something I didn’t quite notice before — the […]

Well, Niccolo Machiavelli, you have outdone yourself with The Morals of the Prince. When I first read this piece, it seemed satirical, like some kind of sick joke, but apparently, he was serious. Well, everyone is entitled to their own opinions. He strongly stands his ground on the idea that leaders must be liars as […]

While ethos establishes the speaker, pathos lets that speaker touch their audience. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter From Birmingham Jail” reached a far range of people. But it did not do do with only the way of ethos. When emotions come into play, pathos, or emotional appeal, reveals how the author can reach an audience’s heart. […]

Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” had an immense impact, but that would have never started without his ethical appeal. In literature, ethos is key. It’s what divides you from the rest of the people writing about the same thing. It’s what puts you at a higher level. While MLK was very wide-known, […]

I’m brown and my name is Erika Williams. Apparently, that’s too hard to understand for some people. I have to be black with my last name, but of course, I’m the last thing you thought of. I’m Indian. What’s my secret? Obviously, there is a scandal behind this. When I was born, my parents took […]

Throughout the years, I have wondered whether religion helps or hurts, rather. Mary Wollstonecraft briefly touched on this in A Vindication of the Rights of Women in 1792. In some cases, religious spectacles have shown their true beauty, but in others, there is a fowl beast. It entangles one in a security of hope, but […]